What is a monohull sailboat?
The characteristics of a monohull sailing boat
As the name suggests, the monohull sailboat - as opposed to multihull sailing boats - is a sailboat with a single hull . Sometimes equipped with an auxiliary engine, the monohull is propelled by the force of the wind and keeps its course thanks to the fins located in the water under the hull. The trajectory is controlled by the rudder which consists of the helm and the rudder (a "wing" located at the rear of the hull and submerged in water). A monohull is either mono-rudder or twin-rudder. The thrills you'll feel on board a monohull depend on the speed it reaches. Speed enthusiasts can find what they're looking for among the monohulls.
The monohull can be divided into 2 parts: the rig and the hull. The latter is what allows the sailboat to float. It contains ballast, consisting of tanks filled with water, that stabilses the monohull by counterbalancing the list (this is an inclination of a few degrees under wind pressure or some other cause). The daggerboards come out of the hull: they are what will allow the monohull to stay on course. If the centreboard is ballasted, we will speak of a keel, which ensures the stability of the boat and prevents it from capsizing. As for the rigging, this is all the parts of a boat that contribute to its propulsion and manoeuvrability. As a minimum it is made up of one mast and a sail.
The advantages of monohulls
Choosing to sail on a monohull sailboat has several advantages:
- the thrill of speed thanks to the high speed that can be reached;
- a lower budget than for a multihull (berth, maintenance, handling);
- its go-anywhere character: a monohull requires less space in a port and it is possible to deliberately run your sailboat aground;
- easy manoeuvrability ;
- good upwind performance;
- and it is a strong and safe boat : it is more difficult to capsize a monohull than a catamaran.
Deep sea or coastal sailing, regattas or day trips, you're bound to find a monohull that will fulfil your dreams.
What are the different types of monohull sailboats?
It is mainly the rig that allows you to differentiate between monohulls. So, you have:
- the sloop: 1 mast and 2 sails, the most common rig;
- the cutter: 1 mast (further aft than that of the sloop), 1 mainsail and at least 1 foresail;
- the ketch: 2 masts (the main mast and the mizzen mast, located in front of the helm station) and at least 3 sails;
- the yawl: 2 masts (the main mast and the swag mast, located behind the helm station) and at least 3 sails;
- the schooner: minimum 2 masts (up to 6/7);
- and the yole: propelled by either rowing or sailing.
Succumb to the charm of the monohull sailboats among the thousands of Band of Boats advertisements and set off over the horizon in your new or used monohull.